Extreme Architecture - Built to Endure The Planet’s Severest Environments
Humankind's interest in colonising the most desolate and extreme conditions on earth have brought with it fantastic stories of discovery and technological advancement. Research facilities based in Antarctica or Russia once occupied the accolade for the hardiest semi-permanent residences on the planet; however, over the recent years structures have been built, or are in development, to withstand even greater extremes. Journey to the extremes of architecture in this following article...
Some hold the most advanced survival equipment ever produced; others are capable of turning the extreme into complete normality via heated shower units or capable of hosting a helicopter to bring in supplies, while a select few are more modest. People have learned to survive in these difficult places.
The Italian side of Monte Rosa Massif. It's the second highest mountain in the Alps and western Europe. At the top of the central peak is visible the Margherita Hut, the highest building in Europe.
Monte Rosa Hut:
The architects Bearth & Deplazes created a five-story wooden structure, inspired by glacial forms and an "Alpine-hat," which is ideally suited to it's intended environment and provides a fantastic base of operations for environmental research agencies to study climate changes and weather patterns in the region.
MEMU Meadows Laboratory Building Hokkaido:
Architect Kumar Yin designed the "MEMU Meadow" to test the limits of Japanese construction in extremely cold conditions. The building is based on a traditional Ainu houses a modern twist. The building uses a bamboo fence to hold the central fireplace. The "Kuma" version replaces the natural grass elements with man-made insulation and poly-carbonate shielding, which makes the house look like a lamp after dark when it is lit.