Craig Middleton en Health & fitness, Healthy Living Dec 13, 2016 · 2 min de lectura · +400

Short and Long Term Effects of Smoking Tobacco & How to Quit

Short and Long Term Effects of Smoking Tobacco & How to Quit

Tobacco is one of the most used addictive drugs. Nicotine is the chemical in this drug that causes addicted individuals to continue to smoke. They need a certain amount of nicotine per day to feel fulfilled. Other than nicotine, smokers inhale thousands of other chemicals, many of which are chemically active and trigger many adverse effects in their bodies. Individuals who finally quit feel privileged to get another chance to lead a happy life. Have a look at the short and long term effects of smoking here.

Short Term Effects

Weaker immune system

Smoking compromises the body’s ability to protect itself from infections and diseases. This increases the probability of smokers to have respiratory infections and doubles their risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis. Additionally, according to the American Lung Association, smokers are more prone to type 2 diabetes. And they are between 30 and 40 percent more likely to develop this disease than nonsmokers.

The skin looks older

Some chemical in tobacco smoke can change the structure of your skin. When this happens, your skin gets discolored, wrinkled, and ages prematurely. The skin on your fingers can turn yellowish as well.

Erectile dysfunction

When men smoke, their sexual function is affected. This often happens since tobacco causes the narrowing of blood vessels all over the body of smokers, including the blood vessels that supply blood to their penis. Quitting, however, can restore things to normal.

Ectopic Pregnancy

Ectopic pregnancy can be life-threatening. This type of pregnancy occurs when a fertilized ovum (egg) plants itself somewhere inside the mother’s womb other than in the uterus.

Decreased lung capacity

Smoking can make you feel short of breath or make your chest feel tight. When you smoke, inflammation occurs in the airways and tissues of your lungs, and can ultimately build up scar tissue. Many years of irritation can result in a chronic cough with mucus.

Other short-term effects include:

•Bad breath

•Bad taste of food

•Lost athletic ability


•Increased heart rate

Long Term Effects

Some of these short-term effects usually turn to long term effects.

Going Blind

Smoking is adverse effects on the eyes. This very common practice is one of the leading causes of age-related macular degeneration, optic nerve, cataract damage. All these conditions can lead to blindness.

Cause Cancer

About ten percent of the chemicals that tobacco contain cause cancer, which makes tobacco smoking the number one risk factor for lung cancer. Tobacco smoking can affect your whole body and cause cancer in your lip, trachea, nasal cavity, bronchus, oral cavity, nasopharynx, rectum, colon, liver, uterine cervix, bladder, larynx, stomach, and kidney. Also, it can cause leukemia.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

This chronic inflammatory disease is more common in women than men. It affects the joints in your hands and feet and causes painful swelling that can eventually lead to bone loss and permanent joint deformity. Smoking is responsible for developing this disease at an earlier age.

Birth Defects

Orofacial cleft is a congenital disability that can be caused by smoking. Women who smoke during pregnancy have very high chances of giving birth to babies with these defects. These defects occur when the mouth of the lips of your baby does not develop well during pregnancy.

Other than these short-term effects Partnership for Tobacco-Free Maine provides others as well.

Other long-term effect includes:

•Earlier menopause

•Decreased physical performance


•Gum disease

•Hearing loss

•Increased wrinkles on face

•Premature hair loss

How to Quit Smoking Tobacco

There are compelling reasons for you to quit smoking. The rewards of quitting are fantastic, and you surely cannot want to be left behind. Within 20 minutes of quitting, you will be experiencing many benefits as your blood pressure will have begun to stabilize. Within a few says, quitting will improve your health, your self-esteem, your finances, and your everyday life.

If you want to quit, set a quit date and stick to it. Also, you have to be determined to do so. You may focus on these short and long term effects of smoking to help you build a strong resolve. The best way is just to quit smoking at once. But if that is not possible with you, then you can research some of the best e-cigs to help you cut back on the amount you are using progressively. If you slip back, just return right on track till you quit.

Lyon Brave Apr 4, 2017 · #2

Ugh I hate Cigs

Max🐝 J. Carter Dec 14, 2016 · #1

As a smoker who has quit and picked it back up and quit again, this is a valuable buzz to read for any smoker.

The only thing I would add is that in the past I felt the one time I did the best with quitting was in easing back and tapering off as the times I attempted it going cold turkey sent my system into shock and the withdrawal symptoms were much strong then with the tapering off approach.

I also noticed a significant difference when I switched to rolling my own using organic tobacco.

Nicotine also effects dopamine levels in the brain and one way to combat this is dark chocolate, not milk, dark chocolate to help smooth out the dopamine levels and production. I found having a small piece of dark chocolate here and there through out the day helped with the withdrawal symptoms.