Mars: The Elon Musk Plans to Colonize the Red Planet!
Billionaire Elon Musk, founder of SpaceX, announced last your plans Tuesday to colonize Mars. The project Musk is a big enough rocket to make several trips back and forth to the Red Planet carrying a lot of people. Elon Musk presented the project at the International Astronautical Congress in Mexico.
Called Interplanetary Transport System (ITS), the rocket would have more than 70 meters high, the largest ever built. With ITS, SpaceX could take up to 100 humans to the red planet in 30 to 80 days, traveling at 100,000 kilometers per hour cruising speed.
In a video (check below) released by the company during the presentation, you can understand the ITS operating. The idea Musk is to send it into space with the help of a very powerful engine - which is already being tested - and, after the spacecraft into orbit, the first stage of the rocket back to Cape Canaveral, Florida. On reaching land again, another module would be coupled to the first stage of the rocket and both would be sent back into space, bound to the ship of the trip - the fuel module would be coupled to the ship passengers, fueling it.
Thus, the rocket does not need to be filled with all the fuel needed for a trip to Mars, because it can be "fed" in space several times. In addition, solar panels will be opened during the course to help get ITS energy.
Upon arriving in Martian soil, the ship will aid a retropropulsor to land. As the engines of the power system can be done with methane (a substance that could be manufactured on Mars), the ship could be sent back to Earth without problems. The company also states that, if they actually manage to fuel the rocket in space, ITS can travel anywhere in our solar system, making human "interplanetary" - this means that we could go even to the famous moons of Jupiter.
According to the billionaire, now such a trip would cost the equivalent of $ 10 million - and if he is designing create a civilization on Mars, this amount would be unthinkable. For this, Musk intends to cheapen the adventure: the value of $ 200,000, a person would guarantee a place in the ITS. As the trip is too long, the SpaceX would make it a period "fun": the ship, travelers can enjoy various attractions such as toys zero gravity, restaurants that serve pizza and movie theaters.
SpaceX said his plan is to send unmanned cargo capsule Dragon to Mars in 2018, creating a path for a human mission to leave Earth in 2024 and reach the Red Planet next year.
For experts, get to Mars - at an average distance of 225 million kilometers from Earth - and live there would require a true feat of engineering and a huge investment. So one of the big problems of the ambitious project Musk is that, even if he is a billionaire and SpaceX can work brilliantly in recent years (even with problems in some rockets), the money needed to make this kind of effort is far removed from the company's possibilities.
"We're talking about several billion dollars and SpaceX does not have this amount of money," says John Logsdon, former director of the Space Policy Institute at George Washington University told AFP. Logson also recalls that Musk have erroneously programmed launches SpaceX rockets and points out that the company would have to associate with a government space agency to fund similar mission.