Pablo Gómez Abajo in Estudiantes y Universitarios, Profesores y educadores, Informáticos Asociado a cargo de proyecto de investigación, Ingeniero en Informática, Ingeniero del Software • Universidad Autónoma de Madrid May 20, 2020 · 1 min read · 7.8K

Between Spain & Portugal

I copy here the beginning of the entry for 'Hispania' in the English Wikipedia:

Hispania was the Roman name for the Iberian Peninsula and its provinces. Under the Republic, Hispania was divided into two provinces: Hispania Citerior and Hispania Ulterior. During the Principate, Hispania Ulterior was divided into two new provinces, Baetica and Lusitania, while Hispania Citerior was renamed Hispania Tarraconensis. Subsequently, the western part of Tarraconensis was split off, first as Hispania Nova, later renamed "Callaecia" (or Gallaecia, whence modern Galicia). From Diocletian's Tetrarchy (AD 284) onwards, the south of remaining Tarraconensis was again split off as Carthaginensis, and probably then too the Balearic Islands and all the resulting provinces formed one civil diocese under the vicarius for the Hispaniae (that is, the Celtic provinces). The name Hispania was also used in the period of Visigothic rule.

Between Spain & Portugal

And now I copy the beginning of the entry for 'Iberian Union' in the same source:

The Iberian Union was the dynastic union of the Kingdom of Portugal and the Spanish Crown that existed between 1580 and 1640, and which brought the entire Iberian Peninsula, as well as Portuguese overseas possessions, under the Spanish Habsburg kings Philip II, Philip III and Philip IV. The union began following the Portuguese crisis of succession and the ensuing War of the Portuguese Succession and lasted until the Portuguese Restoration War in which the House of Braganza was established as Portugal's new ruling dynasty.

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