Leadership vs Management – Encourager!
There is a certain quote uttered by one of the US presidential candidates that keeps coming back to me. Perhaps you can guess which one said it. “I am a great leader; I tell people what to do and they do it”. I cringe every time I hear that quote or even think of it. I remember the first time I heard it used. I had to stop and replay it to make sure had I heard it right. If you are any scholar or practitioner of leadership I hope you also caught what made me cringe.
What I heard was management, not leadership and, yes, there is a very real difference. Leadership guru Warren Bennis stated that the difference between leaders and managers is the “difference between those who master the context and those who surrender to it” (On Becoming a Leader, 2009, Basic Books). Bennis goes on to provide the following examples:
· The manager administers; the leader innovates.
· The manager is a copy; the leader is the original.
· The manager maintains; the leader develops.
· The manager focuses on systems and structure; the leader focuses on people.
· The manager relies on control; the leaders inspires trust.
· The manager has a short-range view; the leader has a long range perspective.
· The manager asks how and when; the leader asks what and why.
· The manager has his or her eye always on the bottom line; the leader’s eye is on the horizon.
· The manager imitates; the leader originates.
· The manager accepts the status quo; the leader challenges it.
· The manager is the classic good soldier