What is Spinal Fusion?
Spinal fusion is surgery to permanently join two or more vertebrae in your spine. The goal of spine fusion surgery is to stop movement between the two bones and prevent back pain. A Vertebrae are the small, interlocking bones of the spine. During the spinal fusion surgery, the surgeon will place a bone or bonelike material within the space between two spinal vertebrae. And to hold the vertebrae together doctor may use Metal plates, screws, and rods so they can heal as one solid unit once the bone is healing, there’s no longer space between them.
There are more terms refer to Spinal fusion such as:
- Anterior spinal fusion.
- Posterior spinal fusion.
- Vertebral interbody fusion.
Why you need this surgery?
If medicines, other treatment, physical therapy, and steroids don't help with your back pain, then this surgery might be the option for you. Spinal fusion permanently joins the two or more vertebrae in your spine to improve stability, reduce the pain and to correct the deformity. The doctor usually recommends this surgery when they know what exactly causing the problem.
- Spinal weakness - Spine become unstable if there is excessive motion between two vertebrae, this is a common side effect of severe arthritis in the spine. Spinal fusion is used to restore spinal stability.
- Deformities of the spine - Spinal fusion can help correct spinal deformities such as scoliosis (your spine curves abnormally to one side).
- Herniated disk - After removal of damaged disk spinal fusion may be used to stabilize the spine.
- Spondylolisthesis - The forward shifting of spine disk.
- Tumor or spine infection.
- Fracture spine bone.