Make your own beehive? EASILY!
After you decided to become a beekeeper and bought a couple of families, it's time for the need for new hives. Families grow and swarm, and they need to be planted in new houses. You can, of course, buy ready, but second-hand to buy is dangerous. It is not known what diseases you can buy with them, but on new prices bite. It remains one thing - to make beehives for bees with their own hands according to the blueprints. If you know all the rules of manufacture, then this is quite easy.
In this article, we will just talk about making hives by our own hands, the right sizes, and drawings for them. We learn what a hive is and how to make it.
Materials that are needed for making a beehive
In ancient times beekeepers extracted honey in hollows of trees, then began to hollow out decks for bees. With the development of beekeeping, they began to make clues for bees with their own hands of various designs, and the material on them goes differently.
A classic option for making hives for bees. In such houses, bees feel themselves in natural conditions, close to
Hives from aspen and linden in winter require additional warming. And these are expensive materials!
Some beekeepers are engaged in manufacturing beehives with their own hands from cheaper materials. This - pine, spruce, fir. But in such evidence, bees are not comfortable. They collect moisture and tar, especially in new ones. Coniferous smell. Well in them only one, they are warm and require minimal warming for the winter.
Durable and ecological material. The house made of it must be covered with colors and insulated from the inside with expanded polystyrene, then it will be dry and warm. But plywood is afraid of moisture and requires constant and proper care.
A modern material used by beekeepers for making hives. It has low cost and does not require additional warming in the winter.
The best kind of wood for making will be cedar, although it is possible and linden, aspen. Such hives breathe better, they smell nice and they dry.
The lack of this material is fragility and fragility. If a poor quality is chosen, then deterioration of honey is possible.
The most economical option. It is possible to use packaging from household appliances. Plus such material its lightness even with filled frames. Excellent thermal insulation. The downside of this material is its fragility and permanent coloration, so that it does not scatter from the effects of sunlight.
Excellent thermal insulation properties. Does not rot, does not decompose. It does not develop fungus and bacteria. It does not leak moisture and it does not collect inside. He is not liked by gnawing bees, mice and birds.
A small disadvantage is its flammability and ventilation is required because it does not let air in.
Having carefully studied the characteristics of the material, you can proceed with the construction of the hive. Consider options for the construction of wooden and foam houses.
Types and designs of hives
For the maintenance of bees, several types of hives are used that differ in design, volume, material and functionality. To provide bees with suitable housing means to create them good conditions for life and work, and themselves a good harvest of honey.
Houses for bees by design are divided:
- not folding.
The last because of the complexity of care almost no one uses. All beekeepers use frame hives, where the number of frames can vary. The lure of a 24-piece lounger, made by own hands, is popular. However, there are options for 16 and 20 frames.
In turn, frame hives are divided into:
The horizontal or "lounger" consists of one body. The expansion goes to the sides. With such evidence it is easy to work, change the number of frames, but they have a drawback - they are bulky and heavy.
The vertical ones consist of several buildings. This form is easy and mobile.
In both forms, several sections are used. They are separated by partitions, which allows you to vary the volume in any direction.
Instruction of a house for bees with drawings
And now let's talk about how to make a hive with your own hands step by step. Dimensions of the beehive for bees can be very different, but we will focus on one option. To do this you will need:
- pick up the material (linden, pine, cedar, fir, polystyrene, polyurethane, polystyrene), it must be dried;
- boards take a thickness of 4 cm, go to the manufacture of the bottom and shell;
- in the boards to make grooves for connecting the walls of the shell;
- to produce slats 18 * 4 mm;
- to join the boards into shields, for this purpose the grooves are lubricated with PVA glue or liquid nails and pressed tightly against each other;
- you need to make five walls (one will be the bottom);
- walls connect with each other;
- the lower case is assembled;
- paint the beehive with acrylic paints and allow to dry;
- you need to drill the cells.
A 15 mm thick board is required for the lid and overburden. Collect and cover with tin, so that water does not fall. To paint. Make ventilation holes in diameter 1.4 cm.
- rear and front shield (cm): width 53, height 32, thickness 4.
- side shield (cm): width 48, height 32, thickness 4.
- internal (cm): width 45, height 45, thickness 32.
In order to place frames in the body, it is required to make folds!
What tools and material will be needed?
- Wood, plywood, polystyrene.
- Rulers, or roulettes.
- Drill, self-tapping screws.
- Elecric hand planer
- Handles for carrying.
- Galvanized sheet metal for roof.
- A framework of 24 pieces.
Frames in the hive: the size and description of how to make your own hands
Frames are an important part in hives and the main work is done with them. From the constant operation they come into disrepair and need to be added. Therefore, the beekeeper must always have a large supply. To save them, it is better to manufacture them yourself than to constantly buy them.
To make frames, we use the following tools:
- an awl;
- shoe nails;
- coil of fine wire.
For manufacturing use natural materials. It's better if it's dried out during the year. To make a frame, you need to know what parts it consists of:
- Grooved or uniform.
- Ordinary, grooved or with a through at a time.
They have holes for drawing wire under the wax.
The size of the frames depends on the design of your hive. Standard sizes are:
- the width of the upper and lateral tips is 2.5 cm;
- height of the upper bar 2 cm;
- the width of the lower 1.5 - 2.5 cm;
- height of 1 cm;
- external dimensions vary from the design of the hive, but usually 43.5 * 30 cm.
After you have chosen the material and decided on the dimensions, we proceed to the immediate manufacture of the frame.
1)Cut out details from the dry cuttings according to the dimensions of the drawing.
2)Using the shoe nails to connect all the details.
3)On the side rails, drill 4 holes and two double wires to fix the wire. The distances between the holes must be equal.
4)Tighten the wire. Start from the top hole and stretch it with a snake. Take care that the wire does not intersect anywhere. Secure it securely so that heavy honeycombs do not accidentally break off. As a result, you should get 4 lines.
On the frames prepared in this way, the wax is fixed.
Now you know how to make hives for bees with your own hands with drawings. Using drawings and sizes you can easily build it yourself, thereby saving the budget and providing bees with comfortable living conditions.