Om Parkash Pragani en Empowerment, Social Work, Writers District Coordinator Community Mobilization • Save the children 5/10/2016 · 2 min de lectura · +800

Child Labour in Thar Desert (A source of income or an exploitation of child’s right)

Child Labour in Thar Desert  (A source of income or an exploitation of child’s right)

Since the Poverty and Child labour are directly proportionate with each other. The existence of both in

Pakistan

is a persistent, omnipresent and slight ignorant phenomenon at its existing tangible scale. Children particularly of

Thar Desert

may need to deeply study and focus of their plight in working status across all working-fields, which make them too far of their basic rights. Indeed, few of researches conducted by different entities on specific sectors of child labour have disclosed the insights of respective child labour areas. Rather knowing as a whole the working conditions of children irrespective of specific sectors is the need of hour to go in its insight and discover the secrets.

Once it is studied the poverty stricken people of this area it finds that most of the people don’t have their own resources as they are deprived of resources. The poverty and vulnerability of the poor masses in the area leads in consequences the kind of bonded labour relations which is a widespread issue in the area having strong historical roots that are well-entrenched in the social and cultural milieu of the area. Being a multi-religious society, the lower-caste Hindu population mainly comprising schedule casts are the most vulnerable and marginalized sections of bondage relations leading to child labour as wider scale. The deeply rooted caste-system which also defines economic impoverishment and social exclusion is a significant indicator of poverty which often pushes landless tenants and their families into bondage. The socio-economic indicators of bonded/marginalized families depict a dismal scenario. There is gross economic exploitation in terms of child labour once these poor people take the loans from landlords/and contractors of area they put their children at the work. This results in violation of child rights and emergence of child labour at wider scale, rather child labour is a crime in laws.

Study generally found that 94% of households have working children. Around 42% of children of the sample work more than 4 hours a day and have prolong experience this number of extent child labour is wider which need to be check further for appropriate actions. Children work with families earn very less compared with their prolong working hours and days. Of the working children near to three quarters of children are boys and bit less than one quarter are girls. Of these working children more around 70% don’t go to schools. Indeed most of children like the work once as they were asked this question but almost all were had compliant with the hardness and hectic situation of their works including agriculture, livestock, carpet weaving, brick kilns, rope making, embroidery, sewing, domestic work, handicrafts, construction and quarries.

Once the households’ incomes offset their expenditures that shows deficit of 9% as around 80% of households are found under heavy debts. Of them majority had took these loans a year back or even more than tow years of older. As, 43.5 % the largest portion of loans have been taken to offset the expenses of foods, then second largest reason of taking loan is medical treatment which is around 15% of the total loans. 14% of loans are taken either for marriages or death feasts and 6.7% of loans being taken for income generations. All remaining loans are taken for other miscellaneous reasons are 20%. Here it is again found that most of people take most of loans for three top necessities included food, medical treatment and marriage/death feasts.

This data can really be a good guide to work over the poverty or for further investigations and researches in this regard probing the situation in depth. Overwhelming majority of parents told that they put their children at work because of poverty rather vast majority of them like schooling for their children besides work.

My article in light of findings, which explored that there is correlation between child labour as crime and poverty in Desert Thar, suggest few of recommendations including make this assessment as base for future in-depth researches and instantly take appropriate steps to cope with child labour so that vast majority of children who are off the schools could enjoy schooling and get entertained with their other basic rights which are being violated at their workplaces as a crime.

Recommendations:

1. Rather child labour is banned in law but it is there as crime. However, it needs to draw the attention of concerns to the issue so that the root causes of issue may be explored and take a step forward with better strategy to cope with the issue systematically.

2. The support mechanism should include schooling facilities, evolve marketing linkages of certain occupations and crafts by making communities the owner of their business preventing from external exploitation

3. The steps should be taken with recurrent lobbying and advocacy in minimizing the occurrence of child labour (which is a crime) in Thar particularly and entire of Sindh province and Pakistan at latter stage by ensuring the proactive involvement of relative Government authorities and other decision makers initially in recognizing that a problem exists that is institutionalized, widespread and growing. Further, the child labour problem must be seen, for its best solution, as seriously undermining the normal development of the working children.

4. Also, facilitate and sensitize Government to take steps getting workers out of debt. For the purpose special funds might be allocated.

5. Easy micro-financing facilities should be enhanced to those who are willing to start their own businesses.

Om Parkash Pragani

omparkash.pragani@savethechildren.org

parkashrp@gmail.com 

Whatsapp: +92-3363309955 (Skype: om.mayoor)



Om Parkash Pragani 6/10/2016 · #10

#9 Yeah government by the social and media pressure come up and strategically taken some steps to bring underprivileged communities out of their grievances but the situation is worst since decades and need more sustainable initiatives to cope with it. However; various NGOs/INGOs accessed to these communities and provided different livelihood and craft development programs to generate enough income for survival. We still wish and hope to get more opportunities by state to enhance the livestock and agricultural trends as these communities mostly depends on livestock and rain based agriculture.

+1 +1
Netta Virtanen 6/10/2016 · #9

@Om Parkash Pragani Great buzz, it's great to understand how a society has come to depending on child labour and what strategies there are in preventing and stopping the dependance of child labour. I do hope that the government truly takes stronger steps towards creating better ways in which families can cope without needing to have their children work to get by. I've seen how in India micro financing facilities, better education and aid have helped certain communities. I hope that this will be the case in Thar Desert as well. Looking forward to reading your next buzz!

+1 +1
Om Parkash Pragani 6/10/2016 · #8

#4 Law doesn't allow such practices but a corrupt bureaucratic setup and policy makers never access vulnerable and deprived areas to provide the justice at grass root level.

+2 +2
Om Parkash Pragani 6/10/2016 · #7

@Mohammad Azam Khan its very true that 2 years back Thar desert has portrait very worst situation of drought and deaths occurred particularly of children, despite the fact that Thar desert has been witnessed of severe and alternate droughts since the decades but no any long term sustainable mechanism was devised by province as well as district government. Lots of NGOs and INGOs are implementing diversified interventions but such interventions can not be alternate of state. Even though after highlighting the issues by media some sudden changes were observed in bureaucracy setup and active and like minded officers were deputed to get opinions from local media, elected representatives, communities, NGOs and other line agencies. This practice was continued for couple of months and paper policy was devised however; some visible changes were found in context of development of roads, hospitals, hiring of doctors for far flung areas, later on media and community stepped back and government got silent..........................................Waiting for another drought or emergency to wake them up for next step.

0
Mohammad Azam Khan 5/10/2016 · #6

Thanks @Aurorasa Sima for the tag. Great buzz @Om Parkash Pragani. Slavery in its variety of shapes is a known and widespread practice all over. Having said that, the situation at Thar at Sindh province of Pakistan is one of the worst in the region. Two/three years ago there was a drought there and people were dying from it and for all the awareness and advocacy the government bureaucracy managed to wipe it under the metaphorical carpet. Nauseously, I was at a leading bureaucrats office at Peshawar when they were relating to it as non existent despite wide and known evidence, a doctor who had been sent over by the bureaucracy from Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province to validate was vouching that there's nothing wrong their - I refuted them with evidence and berrated them. Slavery in agriculture and brick kilns is a known and wide practice. The government bureaucracy is responsible for managing, leading and directing all affairs across Pakistan and if they let it show then they'll have to work and that's something they are not good at and don't want to do honestly and would rather enjoy their fearful authority, networks and perks and make illicit monies. It's a sad sad story and has a tremendous potential for improvement and alleviation and eradication. Lastly I'd like to add that even the renowned NGOs are in cahoots with them.

0
Lisa Gallagher 5/10/2016 · #4

#3 Does the law just ignore these families who push their children into labor? That's so sad.

0
Om Parkash Pragani 5/10/2016 · #3

Its all because of their families who take debt from landlords and could not pay back, they push their children to pay on behalf of them and children were pushed in carpet weaving looms for a life end.

+1 +1