Steven Marshall in Executive Coaching, Management Consulting, Coaching and Mentoring Owner • Steve Marshall & Associates, LLC Jul 14, 2016 · 3 min read · +700

Is It a Mystery?

Note: Last week's blog elicited a range of responses, from "Are You OK?" to an outpouring of congratulations for the 30,000-foot view of my life and the people that have played a prominent role in it. THANK YOU! Back to my quirky view of human behavior this week. Enjoy. Previous installments of my weekly blog from 2013 are located on my website at

There Are Only Four Basic Emotions Is It a Mystery?
"Set the Wayback Machine, Sherman." So says Mr. Peabody to his adopted son, Sherman, in 1960. Peabody, a beagle, who is also the smartest being in existence, invents a time machine and gives it to Sherman as a birthday present. Over the course of 91 episodes, they visit every significant figure in the past 2000 years as a way of giving young Sherman and an up close and personal look at living history.

Today I am only venturing back 45 years to my studies in clinical psychology to describe a theory (that still stands) that states there are only four human emotions; mad, sad, glad, or scared. There are permutations and subordinations of each that manifest themselves, such as passive-aggressive behavior, shutting down, baffled, delighted, worry, shame and over 100 other behaviors. Often, it falls to the clinical psychologist to find out the root of these behaviors and how, why, and when they are exhibited in socially inappropriate ways and settings. By isolating them to one of the four basic emotions, it becomes easier for the professional to isolate, explore with the client, and prescribe a course of correction. Obviously, this is a gross oversimplification that some of my psychologist readers are already cringing over, but I am just setting the stage for a case history.

Passive Aggressive Behavior Is It a Mystery?
Today, I want to focus on one of the most common inappropriate behaviors that I see; that cripples people from achieving personal and professional success. Defined as "the indirect expression of hostility, such as through procrastination, stubbornness, sullen behavior, or deliberate or repeated failure to accomplish requested tasks for which one is (often explicitly) responsible." If we want to isolate this to one of the four basic emotions, it comes from "mad." How does it happen? Unfortunately, for many of us, it is one of the many learned scripts our first teachers - our parents - provided us as we learned socialization skills, especially if the parents exercised a lot of control over their children that resulted in the children suppressing their feelings of anger. It then carries forward to our adult life where passive aggressive behavior is further reinforced because anger is socially unacceptable.

In Real Life and My Work Is It a Mystery?
Has anyone ever accused you of "you just don't get it, do you?" I find myself saying this to myself quite often when I am working with leaders that are bumbling and blundering their way through human interactions with their Boards, staff, and professional relationships. By watching the body language and the non-verbal communication from everyone else in the room while the leader is talking, I am always amazed how oblivious leaders can be when everyone but them seems to be hearing what the leader is actually saying but never does!   

Case History

The CEO of a statewide professional organization retains my firm to explore the reasons why the relationship between the state office and all of the county offices is less than optimal. I interview all of the individual county executives and discover a broad range of opinions; from negative to positive to indifference. The negative opinions focus in on the state leader's patronizing attitude toward them, and a feeling of their role is not as important as his. When I summarize this to the leader in a brief report, he tells me to bury the negative feedback because it will not be helpful moving forward and he has already addressed all of the issues I reported. I tell him that I will omit this information in this report, but following the next step; a planning offsite, I will produce a follow-up report, summarizing what was done at the offsite and (hopefully) show any positive movement toward an improved relationship from the feedback forms everyone submits to me at the end of the session.
Is It a Mystery?
The feedback from the participants is mixed, and some are still feeling that no progress was made toward addressing the real issues identified in the pre-offsite interviews. I prepare and present my summary report to the leader and once again, he asks me to delete any criticism contained in the conclusions and recommendations section of the report. I adamantly refuse to do that and let him know that his position on the matter will do little to actually to improve the situation, which is why I was retained in the first place!

Since we are both intractable on this issue, I offer him a compromise. I will produce a plain text version of my summary of just the offsite work created, and I will let him decide what to do with that information. However, it will not be on my letterhead, and I will not include a signature page. He agrees, and we both move on.

It is a Mystery!
Back to the title of this week's blog......the above scenario just puzzles me. Why did this CEO act in the way he did? His behavior is clearly passive aggressive and is partially based on fear and also partially in anger. The bottom line - he never wanted to deal with actually bridging the gulfs in the organization in the first place; after all, who were "these people" to question his leadership?

Next Week: Back to Basics

Steven Marshall Jul 15, 2016 · #8

#7 Ahh, I get it now.

Brian McKenzie Jul 15, 2016 · #7

#6 @Steven Marshall Red Cell is what they called our units when we tasked to behave like the enemy - US forces are 'Blue' - Soviet were Red in the war games. It was our job to mess up the operating plans of the Star Spangled Glory Glad handy Academy Think ..... we 'invaded bases', stole equipment, captured hostages, took down computer networks and toppled governments. Good times. And when the Soviet threat disappeared..... we became something a bit different - but still always 'playing' the enemy. "Wag the Dog" is your best open source idiom of what we did, where we did it, and how they still do.

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Steven Marshall Jul 15, 2016 · #6

#5 Thanks, Brian. Do you mean RedCell from Melville, NY? And, yes, I remind myself of your closing point all the time. If everyone was perfect, they wouldn't need me!

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Brian McKenzie Jul 15, 2016 · #5

This leadership style is why I prefer to work Red Cell. When leaders ignore best practices, clear evidence in the name of their ego and position.....we get to show them how easy it is to monkey wrench and blindside their programs and agendas. I learned from the best of the last generation of warriors - and it is amazing how well those original tricks and craft still work - you would think they would learn by now.....of course - I would be out of a job, if they ever did.

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Steven Marshall Jul 15, 2016 · #4

#1 I think, in this case, this CEO is just burned out and doesn't know it. He is also very angry with a rapidly changing world that doesn't appreciate his top-down, authoritative style of leadership. Thanks for reading it, @Donna-Luisa Eversley.

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Steven Marshall Jul 15, 2016 · #3

#2 Thanks for your comments, Irene Hackett. You are exactly right, too.

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Irene Hackett Jul 15, 2016 · #2

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Donna-Luisa Eversley Jul 15, 2016 · #1

User removed