Polite forms in English
Examples: Can/could I have another helping of rice? or May/Might I borrow your car? or Will you come / would you like to come to the cinema tonight?
Existem outros verbos auxiliares tais como "Must / Have to" ou "Should / Ought" cujos significados são mais para dar ordens.
HOW TO BEHAVE IN DIFFERENT ENVIRONMENTS
IN A RESTAURANT
Could I have a light? / Could I have some more, please?
Could you bring me the menu?
Could you bring me / Can I have the bill, please?
Could you pass me the salt.
AT SOMEONE'S HOUSE
Is it all right if I smoke?
Would you like me to open the wine?
Could I use your phone?
I'll do the washing up.
IN A SHOP
Can I help you?
How much does it cost?
Can I pay by cheque / credit card or in cash?
Can I try it on? Have you got a bigger/smaller size/ a different colour?
Would you like a (carrier) bag?
IN THE STREET / ON THE TRAIN
Can I help You? / Can you tell me the time?
Could you tell me the way to the bus station?
Could I get past, please?
Is it all right if I open the window?
Quando interropemos uma pessoa com o intuito de perguntar algo usamos:
Can you tell me how to get to the airport, please?
Do you accept credit card?
Is this the right way for the post office?
Would you mind keeping an eye on my luggage?
I wonder if you could move your suitcase a little.
I'll do that for you if you like.
I'll help you with that.
I'll give you a lift.
ASK IF YOU CAN DO SOMETHING
it's okay if I....?
Do you mind if I....?
Would you mind closing the door?
Is it all right if we.....?
Excuse me, can I....?
ASK ANOTHER PERSON TO DO SOMETHING
Could you possibly turn the radio down,please?
Would you mind closing the door?
Can you show me how to use this washing machine?
Let's meet at 8 o'cloock? Ok, fine.
Can you wait a few minutes. Sure, no problem.
Have you got a light? Yes, here you are.
Are you angry with me? Of course I'm not.
Could I borrow your dictionary? Yes, of course / Help yourself or Go ahead.
Do you think you could possibly lend me two or three pounds?
I wish I could but,/ I'm sorry, but, /I'm afraid not
I'm afraid I can't come to your party nesxt week.
Do you want to play tennis? No, not really.
Várias maneiras de se apresentar pessoas que não se conhecem:
Joe do you know Peter?
Rose, this my friend Gabriel.
Sally, I don't think you've met Robert.
I don't think you two know each other, do you?
Can / May I introduce Peter Brown (more formal).
Quando as pessoas são apresentadas elas dizem Hello or How do you do? (more formal). Notar que ao contrário de How are you? a expressão How do you do? não é uma pergunta, por esse fato ambas as pessoa respondem How do you do?
Meet someone for the first time:
How do you do?
The reply Can be the same How do you do? or Pleased / Nice to meet you.
or Hello. Nice to meet you. (Shake hands).
When you meet someone you know
Hi. Hello. How are you? How's it going? How are you doing?
Informal: How's it going.
Formal: Good morning / afternoon / evening
Someone you've just met for the first time:
Nice to meet you.
If you plan to see the person again:
See you later. / See you soon.
Formal- Good bye / Good morning / afternoon / evening / night
informal- Cheers / Bye
ASKING ABOUT HEALTH ETC
Formal- How are you?
Informal- How are things? / How's it going?
Formal- Very well, thank you. And you? / Fine, thank you.
Informal- Not too bad / Ok / So-so / All right / (It) Could be worse.
Formal- Thank you very much. / Thank you.
Here's your pen. Oh, thank you.
I'll post those letters for you. Oh, thank you. That's very kind of you.
Informal- Thanks. / Thanks a lot.
I'll answer that. Oh, thanks a lot
For someone's hospitality:
Thank you very much for inviting me. It's been a lovely evening.
Thank you very much for everything. You've been very kind.
Formal- Not at all. / You're welcome. / That's (quite) all right.
Informal- That's ok.
Will /Would é usado somente para perguntar às outras pessoas para fazerem algo.
Can / Could pode ser usado em ambos os tipos de pedido.
Modal verbs são seguidos por um infinitivo sem "to", mas: Do you mind....? Would you mind...? são sempre seguidos por um gerund "ing" ou por "if"e como têm como significado "Is it a problem for you?" se a resposta for "Yes" dizemos "No, not at all" ou "Of course not".
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